Acervo Caliban


Pesquise no acervo Caliban

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IMAGEM DAS IMAGENS

Patrocinado pelo Programa Petrobras Cultural Edi磯 2004/2005, o projeto Imagem das Imagens teve como objetivo organizar, catalogar, digitalizar e disponibilizar a consulta online dos mais de 10 mil t�los de filmes 16 e 35mm do Acervo Caliban.

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Trata-se de um dos mais importantes acervos particulares de filmes do Brasil pela variedade de temas e por sua abrangꮣia hist⩣a. A riqueza de assuntos adv魠da natureza jornal�ica do acervo que mostra desde costumes a fatos pol�cos ou esportivos ao longo de quase 50 anos de hist⩡ do Brasil e do mundo.

CONSTITUIǃO DO ACERVO

O Acervo Caliban come篵 a se formar em fins dos anos 70 para a produ磯 do documentᲩo Anos JK, uma Trajet⩡ Pol�ca (1980) realizado por Silvio Tendler. O filme, que tra硠a biografia do ex-presidente Juscelino Kubitschek (1902 ṷ6), foi constru� com base em depoimentos e imagens de arquivo. Mais tarde o mesmo acervo serviu para um novo filme intitulado Jango (1984), sobre outro ex-presidente brasileiro Jo㯠Goulart (1918 ṷ6).

A pesquisa de imagem para os dois filmes, realizada pelo pr಩o Tendler e por Francisco S鲧io Moreira, extrapolou a temᴩca pol�ca dos dois documentᲩos e conseguiu reunir outros assuntos interessantes ligados ࠶ida brasileira e mundial.

O acervo foi consultado e utilizado em outros projetos, por魠jamais houve uma organiza磯 sistemᴩca que contemplasse o conjunto da cole磯. Al魠disso, o acervo foi deslocado algumas vezes e, sem d餡, a organiza磯 do material ficou condicionada ೠmudan硳 f�cas. A mais cr�ca foi a transferꮣia em 1996 da antiga sede da produtora, no Catete (RJ), para a Cinemateca do MAM/RJ. Lᠰermaneceu at頲002 e, a pedido da diretoria do pr಩o Museu, foi retirado e definitivamente re-alocado na sede nova da Caliban.

Gra硳 ao patroc�o do Programa Petrobras Cultural, foi poss�l finalmente organizar, catalogar e digitalizar as imagens do acervo.

DESENVOLVIMENTO DO PROJETO

O projeto come篵 nos dois primeiros meses de 2006. Inicialmente foi feita uma verifica磯 do estado do acervo e constatadas as reais necessidades do trabalho. O grande problema encontrado foram as sucessivas pesquisas realizadas que sempre acabavam propondo outra organiza磯 e hierarquia dos filmes. Por causa disto, havia um sub-aproveitamento do espa篠e um modo impreciso de organiza磯.

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Na primeira fase, ent㯠foi reestruturado o projeto, determinando as etapas e a demanda de pessoal e material. Foram contratados estagiᲩos, estudantes de cinema, para que, ao mesmo tempo em que o trabalho fosse executado, o projeto ganhasse relev⮣ia na forma磯 de m㯭de-obra na Ქa de preserva磯 de filmes, Ქa restrita aos acervos institucionais e p쩣os. Foram contratados quatro estagiᲩos com o intuito de come硲 o trabalho de reorganiza磯 do acervo.

A primeira tarefa foi separar o material de acordo com a bitola (16 e 35mm) e estado de conserva磯 dos filmes. Em seguida, come篵-se ent㯠a re-arrumar os filmes com o objetivo de melhor aproveitar o espa篠das latas, otimizando assim a capacidade de armazenamento do arquivo e descartando as latas enferrujadas e sem condi磯 de uso.

A medida em que este trabalho era executado, as latas reaproveitadas eram perfuradas para diminuir a concentra磯 dos gases provenientes da base da pel�la. Paralelamente as mesmas latas eram etiquetadas com numera磯 e os t�los listados manualmente para, em seguida, serem digitados por um quinto estagiᲩo, formando uma lista volumosa de filmes disponibilizada para consulta da equipe Caliban atrav鳠de porta-arquivo virtual. Foram cerca de 10 meses ocupados com a organiza磯 que sযi poss�l gra硳 ࠳istematiza磯 do trabalho.

TRANSFERʎCIA PARA V̈́EO

Ao final deste per�o, houve uma fase de pesquisa e prospec磯 para saber a melhor e mais econ�a forma de transferꮣia da pel�la para v�o. Depois de vᲩos testes, optou-se por um sistema feito a partir de projetor 16mm Bell & Howell usado com adaptador Telecine Sony, relembrando os prim⤩os da telecinagem nas TVs. No caso do material em 35mm, foi utilizada a antiga mesa de montagem Pr鶯st 35mm para transferꮣia da pel�la para o v�o.

Em seguida, foram necessᲩas a limpeza com percloroetileno e a montagem dos filmes. ɠbom lembrar que a maioria dos t�los tem curta dura磯, aproximadamente, 90 segundos, e que, portanto, para poupar tempo na transferꮣia digital era preciso unir vᲩos filmes em rolo para facilitar o trabalho de telecinagem.

A terceira e 䩭a fase, concomitante ࠳egunda etapa, foi a cria磯 do site, a produ磯 do conteﬠa concep磯 do banco de dados e a convers㯠do material em v�o para formato mpeg 4. O projeto Imagem das Imagens levou 20 meses para ser conclu�.


Elianne Ivo Barroso
Coordena磯 de Imagem das Imagens


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